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Interesting facts from history of Fulani Herdsmen and today’s state of affairs

What do you know about the history of Fulani Herdsmen in Nigeria? Fulani (Fula) are nomadic people. Fulbe are inhabited in many countries of Western Africa, but most of them are concentrated in the North of Nigeria and Senegal.

Fulani (Fulbe, Fula) are nomadic people. Fulbe are inhabited in many countries of Western Africa, but most of them are concentrated in the North of Nigeria and Senegal.

Facts from the history of Fulani herdsmen in Nigeria

In the ancient Arabic writings, Fula people were mentioned too. Anthropologists say that the origin of Fula is connected with Egypt. The others call them as gypsies descendants or sons of Roman legionaries lost in Sahara. Some even hypothesize that Fulani is one of the Israel tribes.

Legends of Islamization time suggest that Arabs, in order to convert the local pagans to Islam, married their women. Other experts believe that Fula originated from the region of present Northern Senegal.

Fulani people in Nigeria

Gradually, a century after the century they migrated with their herds in the West Africa savannas occupying new territories. They mingled with Berbers of Northen Africa and other nomadic Sahara tribes. Then Fula was divided into a large number of groups with different names, including Fulbe, Gourma, Fellata, Fula, Bororos, Voda, Peul, Pular. But all of them are distinguished by a noble appearance, proud posture and a lighter skin.

Fulani had a very developed culture. Fulbe created thousands of legends and fairy tales, invented hundreds of proverbs and sayings. They speak rich and imaginative Fula language.

The mysterious Holy Book is written in the Fula language. It’s also called Pharaohs Book or Egyptian magicians. The existence of this script has led researchers to the idea that in ancient times a homogeneous population lived in North-Eastern Africa. Scientists call it Mediterranean contact race. Fulbe people are representatives of this race.

Capturing vast territories, Fulbe managed to create powerful states that even Europeans tried not to touch them for many centuries. Such position of Fulbe can be explained both by the genetic predisposition to the development and privileged economic situation. Fula proverbs say: “Cattle surpasses everything, it’s even more important than father and mother”, “If cattle die, then Fulbe dies “.

Since the XI century, most Fulani people are Sunni Muslims and have long been active propagators of Islam among neighboring people. Fulani are considered “true children of Allah” and are very strict in adherence to rituals. Islam helped them to unite.

During Islamization the territory of Fulbe empire – At the end of the XIX century, Sokoto was captured by Great Britain. It became a part of the English colony Nigeria. Thus, a powerful empire created by Fulani died.

Fulani Herdsmen

Today in the area of the former strong countries there is the greatest concentration of Fulani nation. Modern Fulani are divided into nomadic pastoralists, semi-nomadic, and sedentary. They began to engage in cattle breeding since the 13th-14th century. The settled Fulani are mixed with neighboring peoples. A lot of sedentary people are under the influence of the Hausa agricultural people. Some Fulani even speak their language.

The traditional culture was preserved mainly by Fulani-nomads. Formally, they are Muslims, but they preserved the customs of their ancestors. They are also divided into three groups, depending on the cattle they breed: cows Fulbe, sheep breeders, and goat breeders. The first are the main ones.

And what are activities of Fulani herdsmen in Nigeria at present? Fulani can handle animals. They exchange livestock products on agricultural products. Fulani-semi-nomads are famous as professional shepherds. They take farmers’ livestock for grazing in exchange for offspring and farming products.

In the past, the nomads have often come into conflict with local farmers. The clashes also continued in the last several years. Recently the nature of the attacks have changed. It is often contained in news reports that Fulani Herdsman now allegedly use firearms.

READ ALSO: 9 facts you did not know about herders-farmers conflict in Nigeria

During Fulani Herdsmen attack

Fulani Herdsmen attacks in Nigeria

In recent years the Fulani Herdsmen and farmers clash have become a real disaster for Nigeria. Quartz explains the Fulani move by climate change. As a result, the long droughts began. Then, desertification of previously rich pastures occurs. It caused the conflicts for pasture lands between the local villagers and pastoralists in the North of the country.

Mass funeral of Fulani Herdsmen victims in Nigeria

The clashes between Fulani herdsmen and farmers in Nigeria periodically erupt for several consecutive years and each time take dozens of human lives. The cause of the clashes is the lack of land that one side uses as arable land, the other for pastures.

In 2014, according to the Global Terrorism Index report, Fulani militants killed more than 1,200 people and then headed the list of the most fanatical terrorist groups in the region, according to the BBC. However, many notable persons in Nigeria have stated that these attacks were carried out not by Nigerian Fulani herdsmen but, by herdsmen from other parts Africa and the Middle-East.

Fulani Herdsman with weapon

Fulani Herdsmen crisis in Nigeria

In Abuja, on February 9, 2018, the press service of the President told reporters that the Nigerian Government policy of some land transferring for pasture is not Fulani colonization. Nigerian Government sent troops to the central regions of the country to suppress insurgent groups and to stop clashes between farmers and Fulani herdsmen.

The troops will be deployed in the central states of Benue, Taraba, Kogi, Nasarawa, and Niger, as well as in the northwestern state of Kaduna from February 15 to March 31, 2018.

The declared goal of the military operation is to stop outbreaks of armed banditry, people, and livestock kidnapping, as well as clashes between farmers and Fulani herdsmen because of arable land and pastures.

We hope that soon the conflict will be resolved and the authorities will be able to restore order.

READ ALSO: Terrorism in Nigeria: Top 5 effects of terrorism on daily life


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Dambazau Holds Meeting With IGP Idris, Other Top Police Officers

The Minister of Interior, Abdulrahman Danbazau, is in a meeting with the Inspector General of Police (IGP), Ibrahim Idris and senior police officers at the Force Headquarters, in Abuja.

The objective of the meeting is to devise strategies to stop illegal weapons which Idris described as becoming alarming in Nigeria, Daily Sun reported.

The IGP added that with the upcoming general elections slated to hold early next year, it is imperative for the police and other security agencies to curb illegal arms, which he insisted, were wrong hands.

IGP Idris had also condemned the arming of vigilance groups put in place by some state governors to protect lives and property of their citizens.


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PDP Blasts Lai Mohammed Over Commendation On Buhari’s Performance

Minister of Information and Culture, Lai Mohammed

The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has reacted to the Minister of Information and Culture, Lai Mohammed’s assertions that “there is no cause for alarm” as Nigeria is in “very safe and competent hands,” with President Muhammadu Buhari piloting the affairs of the country.

Mohammed said this over the weekend at a mini town hall meeting with the staff of the Nigerian Embassy in Madrid, Spain.

However, the PDP in a statement on Monday by its National Publicity Secretary Kola Ologbondiyan, condemned the statement saying the reality on the ground shows that the nation was on auto-pilot and drifting to the precipice.

The opposition party claimed that Nigerians are facing untold hardship due to the incompetence and corrupt proclivities of the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC).

PDP said, “If a minister of information who ought to give the correct state of affairs can announce that a government which collapsed the nation’s once robust economy and plagued it with political tension, is indeed a safe hand, then our nation is in much more trouble under the All Progressives Congress (APC).

“How can anybody say that the same Presidency whose incompetence and bad policies are directly responsible for the massive unemployment and job losses, collapse of businesses and even the lingering fuel crisis which has brought untold hardship in the land, is indeed a safe hand?

“This is a government, under whose watch, the nation has become heavily polarised along dangerous fault lines and where citizens now live in fear and mutual suspicion; where citizens are slaughtered by the day by marauders; where hunger and strange diseases ravage the people.

“The reasonable take-away from the statement of the information minister is that this government has come to its wit’s end and has no solution for the troubles it caused the nation.

“More so, the minister’s statement has further exposed the fact that this failed administration is not the least remorseful for the pain it has caused the people, which underpins its arrogance and disdain towards Nigerians.

“We, however, urge Nigerians not to despair as the repositioned PDP stands with them in the collective quest to end the misrule of the APC in 2019.”

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I Was Abandoned As A Baby, I Never Knew My Parents – Maheeda

Maheeda reveals she never knew her parents while growing up. (Photo credit: File photo)

Nigerian popular nudist, Maheeda has reveal an hidden secret about her background, youthful days and parental issues.

According to Maheeda, she stated that at no point in time has she meet her parent. She mentioned this in a chat and added that she does not have much memory about her childhood and even the few things that come to her mind as a child are not good memories that she wishes to be reminded of.

She said:

I grew up in Kano State, but I don’t remember much about my childhood; even the few things that I can recall are not pleasant memories.

I never knew my parents because I was abandoned as a baby. My childhood was characterized by loneliness, sadness and feelings of worthlessness. From a very young age, I was desperate for freedom and happiness. I just wanted to be accepted. I didn’t have a happy childhood. I was raised by kind-hearted people who took pity on me

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Yemi Alade Hits Hard At A Follower On Twitter

Yemi Alade reply a follower who told her she does not release hit songs. (Photo credit: File photo).

Nigerian female singer, Yemi Alade who of recent has been facing constant social media criticism is not allowed to be at peace as a follower again hits hard at her, the follower stated that she does not release hit track with all her work.

The actress who made the announcement to release a new track got a fan stating that she always release track with no hit track to her credit, and Yemi Alade wasted no time in giving the fan a reply.

See conversation below:

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Herders/Farmers Crisis: Nigerian Army Begins “Operation Cat Race” In Benue

The Nigerian Army has commenced Operation Cat Race Exercise in Benue state to put an end to the perennial clash between herdsmen and farmers in the state.

The army began the exercise, today, Tuesday.

Naija News gathered that ahead of the formal inauguration of the operation, the Chief of Army Staff, Lt. General Tukur Buratai, has visited Governor Samuel Ortom at the Government House in Makurdi the state capital.

Updates later…

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